Did you come across Delphi while reading our Athens travel guide and now you're thinking about spending some time on this wonderful destination? Here are the top 10 things to do in Delphi for you to experience your trip to the maximum!
Right at the foothill of Mount Parnassus at central Greece, lies Delphi, one of the most important archaeological sites of the ancient Greek world. The seat of the high priestess of the oracle of Apollo is found in the shadow of Phaedriades Rocks, two awe-inspiring natural rock formations over 700m high dominating the landscape. The history of the site goes back to prehistoric times, and especially from the 6th to the 4th century BC when Delphi reached its Golden Age. As a panhellenic oracle site, ancient Greek city-states and foreign rulers rivaled each other in regard to Apollo's offerings, accumulating an enormous amount of wealth and decorating the site with architectural wonders.
Visit the Temple of Apollo
Temple of Apollo - credits: Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock.com
Located at the end of the Sacred Way, the Temple of Apollo was the center of the god’s cult and the seat of the high priestess, Pythia. The importance of the site dictated the erection of the temple by money that was collected from all the Greek city-states in conjunction with some from the foreign rulers as well. The deepest chamber of the temple, 'Adyton', was only accessible by Pythia and the priests, when she was delivering the prophecies of Apollo. The existing ruins on the site belong to the latest phase of the building succeeding older ones made out of stone, copper, beeswax, and feathers or even entirely made out of laurel leaves! On its walls, sayings of the Seven Sages were inscribed, such as the famous quote ‘Know thyself' by Thales of Miletus.
Discover the Treasury of Athens
The treasury of Athenians - credits: elgreko/Shutterstock.com
While ascending the Sacred Way, after its first turn, a small temple-like doric building was erected by the city-state of Athens in order to house dedications and votive offerings of Athens to the sanctuary of Apollo. By being one of the first public buildings sponsored by Athens, it is considered to be a symbol of the Athenian Democracy after the fall of tyranny. According to Pausanias, the traveler of the 2nd century AD, the Treasury was built as an offering, right after the victory of the battle of Salamis in 490 BC. Entirely constructed out of Parian Marble, its walls hold inscriptions offering valuable information concerning the festivals and customs of the ancient world or even insights regarding ancient Greek music.
Admire the Theater and the Stadium of Delphi
Right next to Apollo’s temple, lies the ancient theater of Delphi, capable of hosting a crowd of about 5000 people. The theater hosted mostly musical contests which were part of the Pythian Games, one of the four Panhellenic Games of ancient Greece. The first stone theater was built in the 4th century BC but the ruins, which are still visible nowadays, date back to the early Roman times when theatrical contests were introduced. Following the tier of the theater to the west and ascending to the highest level of the site, you are entering the Stadium of Delphi, the best surviving stadium of antiquity in Greece! Do not miss the stone áphesis (starting point) controlling up to 20 athletes simultaneously!
Visit Tholos of Delphi
Although in the site of Delphi, Tholos is one of the buildings belonging to the sanctuary of Athena Pronaia (the one standing before the Temple). Dated to the 4th century BC, it is the most iconic ancient buildings of the site. Located between the Treasury of the Massalians and the Temple of Athena, the small elegant circular incorporated different kinds of marble resulting in a mesmerizing effect. It stands as one of the miracles of classical architecture.
Explore the Archaeological Museum of Delphi
Archaeological Museum of Delphi - credits: Anton_Ivanov/Shutterstock.com
Firstly founded after the completion of the archaeological excavations on the site, the Archaeological Museum of Delphi hosts the miraculous finds of the site, consisting one of the most important museums of Greece and a crucial ambassador of ancient Greek art. Wander around its over 2000 m2 and explore extraordinary pieces of arts covering from prehistoric to late Byzantine times. Do not miss the Treasury of the Siphnians, Heniokhos the Charioteer of Delphi or the chryselephantine statues of Apollo and Artemis.
Visit the traditional village of Chrissó
Some 6 km west of the site of Delphi, lies the village of Chrissó, situated where the ancient city of Kríssa used to be. The modern village of Chrissó, protected as a monument by the Greek state, offers a great opportunity to the visitor to wander around its cobblestone paved narrow streets and admire its remarkable neoclassical architecture of the 19th century. Nowadays, the village is renounced for its olive groves and its olive oil (and other side-products) tradition. Do not miss the church of St. George located at the ancient acropolis of the city and don't miss the chance to have a coffee break at the village’s square, under its centuries-old plane tree.
Museum of Delphic Festivals
The Museum of Delphic Festivals is housed in a 1927, neo-gothic tower-like house located right next to the archaeological site. This house used to be the residence of the great Greek poet Angelos Sikielianos and his American-born wife Eva Palmer-Sikielianos. A not-to-miss place for the fans of ancient drama, the museum hosts an extended collection of artifacts related to the representation of ancient festivals and drama. Get to know about the Pyrrhic dance, an ancient Greek war dance, or see the costumes designed and handmade by Eva Palmer for performances held during the Delphic Festivals.
Visit the scenic village of Aráchova
Aráchova - credits: Vagelis Pikoulas/Shutterstock.com
On your way to Delphi, you will drive most likely through the town of Aráchova, one of the most popular winter-time destinations near Athens! A favorite meeting point for ski lovers, the picturesque town with its stone houses and narrow alleys, offers numerous options to the visitor. Some famous visitors of Arachova were Maria Callas, Winston Churchill, the Beatles or Jackie Kennedy Onassis, among others. Spend some time on top of the rock Tyriás, where the 19th century-clock of the town is located or visit the impressive church of St. George!
Galaxidi - credits: Panos_Karas/Depositphotos.com
Half an hour away from Delphi, the town of Galaxidi lies on the mouth of the Gulf of Itéa. One of the most beautiful seaside settlements of the region, it is located on the grounds of the ancient 'Hellion', Galaxidi was always a strategic naval settlement of the Corinthian Gulf. Apart from its ancient history, the town played an important role in the modern history of Greece as well. Nowadays, the visitor can walk among the beautiful neoclassical houses of the 19th century and explore the town’s vast history in the Archaeological Museum or in the Maritime Museum at the old Town Hall. The best time to visit Galaxidi is on Clean Monday when the festival of Alevromoutzouroma (literally Flour Smudging, or else Flour Wars) takes place!
A site not for the fainthearted, Corycian Cave is located above the sanctuary of Delphi. Accessible by a path (European path E4), it is approximately a 3.5-hour walk through the forests of Mount Parnassus. Although the cave has been in use since Neolithic times, the grotto is associated with the cult of the goat-like god Pan and the Nymphs. According to ancient Greek mythology, the cave was named after Nymph Corycia, one of Apollo’s partners. The grotto was part of the pilgrimage of the sanctuary of Apollo and it is also described by Pausanias in the 2nd century AD. For those who long for a trekking/hiking activity at Delphi, the Corycian Cave is an ideal opportunity. Ask for the starting point of the path near the Delphi Archaeological Museum and prepare yourselves for a unique experience!
Although the sanctuary of Apollo is the center of interest for the visitors, Delphi offers more than meets the eye! Combine your visit to the site with one of these options, discover more about Delphi and its surrounding region, or check one of our Greece tours!