When someone hears the word 'Chania', endless turquoise waters and a touch of Venetian finesse come to mind. Chania, located on the northwest coast of the island of Crete, is well known for its picturesque pedestrian streets and serves as a prime example of how years of history can shape a city’s unique vibe. Whether you like dancing all night long with your friends or you prefer relaxing at the beach with the kids until the sun sets, this is the place for you!
Table of Contents
1. Start your day with a traditional Greek breakfast in a local bakery
Kalitsounia - credits: www.paxxi.gr
In Greece, we take the saying ‘eat breakfast like a king’ literally; a fact not quite surprising if you consider how seriously we take our food.
Cretan tradition follows and surpasses the Greek food obsession. Therefore, have an early start to your day with a boost of energy like a true local, and head to a regional bakery to try a selection of Greek baked goods and pastries, such as ‘spanakopita’ -spinach and cheese pie in ‘phyllo’ pastry- or the traditional treat of ‘kalitsounia’- small sweet or savory pies with different filling variations- preferably stuffed with ‘mizithra’ cheese and topped with honey.
'Phyllo Bakery & Mediterranean Delicacies’ is one of the best bakeries in Chania, being an optimum spot for your Cretan breakfast. Don’t deprive yourself from the flavorsome delicacies of Crete; your diet can wait for you to return home!
2. Walk along the picture-perfect old Venetian harbour and the Neoria (Dockyards)
The old venetian harbour of Chania - credits: Patryk_Kosmider/Depositphotos.com
When thinking about the old town of Chania, the picture of the quay right by the sea, filled with cosy cafes, delicious bakeries, traditional restaurants and popping bars is the first thing that comes to mind. Arguably the most active part of the town, the old Venetian harbour of Chania stands out from most charming seaside regions, due to its extraordinary history, apparent in its many monuments that date back to the Venetian, Ottoman and Egyptian times.
The harbor was built by the Venetians between 1320 and 1356 and became a critical base for the Venetian fleet, in addition to being one of the most valuable economic centers of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. In the 16th century, the harbor became front and central to the reinforcement of Chania against the Turkish threat.
Its decline came much later, around the early 20th century, due to the inability of larger boats to reach the pier, resulting in the port of Suda taking the reins of commercial traffic. While walking along the harbor, you can’t help but come across Neoria, the stone, long narrow buildings built for repairing and building Venetian ships.
Following the waterfront constructed in the 20th century, they are solely a historical attraction, loosing their access to the sea. In the past, they have been used as a christian school, a theater, a public hospital and the town hall. Today, however, they have become a vibrant, cosmopolitan beauty spot of the city with bars, taverns and Cafés opening up in Neoria square.
3. Explore the streets of Chania
Old town of Chania - credits: Patryk_Kosmider/Depositphotos.com
Every single town in Crete has its own special story. In Chania, the wide and narrow paved streets are where tradition and geography meet.
The Old Town is full of examples of how tradition can still survive; head to the Skridlof Street and watch manufacturers making “stivania”, the famous classic Cretan boots. Nearby, you will find Karaoli Dimitriou Street, where authentic Cretan knives are made!
However, the city descends to the port. During the 14th century, Venetians built this magnificent port which is surrounded by the Old Town of Chania. There, you will also see the Venetian Lighthouse, overlooking the Mediterranean. Strolling around this alluring city can take a while so it is likely that you will hear your stomach growling eventually. Thus, you should combine your walk with some food stops to refuel before continuing your route!
4. Admire the lighthouse of Chania’s old port
The old port of Chania - credits: creti.co
While you are in the old port of Chania you can’t miss the imposing figure of the lighthouse on its edge, one of the oldest lighthouses found in the world today.
The Egyptian lighthouse was built by the Venetians around 1595 - 1601, but later took its final form by the Egyptians around 1839. The lighthouse was restored in 2006, when it was given the tower-like shape of the Venetian period it still holds today. The architecture of the tower is impressive, with it being divided in three very distinctive parts: the octagonal base, the main part with its sixteen sides and the circular top.
Built on a stone base and reaching an impressive 21m in height, the lighthouse is a true feast for the eyes, especially at nighttime, when the whole structure gets lit up. Walk by the sea and continue onto the pier that will lead you close to the lighthouse, opposite to the fortress of "Firkas", where you will have the opportunity to enjoy a breathtaking view of the harbour, the old town and the White Mountains.
5. Taste the best of Cretan cuisine
Traditional tavern in Gramvousa - credits: www.gramvousarestaurant.com
Speaking of food stops, you have a great opportunity to explore the one-of-a-kind gastronomy, Cretan cuisine.
Chania is the best place to eat authentic Greek food but be aware of touristy eateries. Search restaurants and taverns that give you a “homey” feeling, located in various spots in the city. Beautiful gardens surrounded by ivies and bougainvilleas serve fresh calamari, gopa, and octopus. Of course, Cretans like to accompany food with local wine, as their love of winemaking is very well known.
Most of the wineries are hidden in small villages near the city, and we can say with confidence that they are totally worth visiting. Take some time to taste different types of wine while hospitable winemakers narrate the wine production process.
Save some room in your suitcase as we guarantee that you won’t leave empty-handed. There are many excellent choices that will satisfy your tummy, as well as many hidden treasures in and around the city. So, before starting your gastronomic journey, make sure to get the most special ones so you can eat and drink like a local. Now you understand why joining our Chania cooking class can be one of the best things to do in Chania!
6. Take the trail leading to Balos
Panorama of Balos Lagoon and Gramvousa island - credits: www.chania.org.uk
Apart from all the -irresistible- eating and drinking, you also need something to help you remain active. How does hiking sound? We have the most spectacular spot for you to hike; the Balos. This masterpiece of nature is 18 kilometers long. Needless to say, you would need to dedicate a whole day there but you would definitely not regret it.
If you feel a bit less adventurous, you can head up to one of the mesmerizing beaches of the city; Agia Marina, Stalos, and Platanias. Last but not least, the Nautical Museum of Crete is located in Chania and its valuable collection includes war relics, ship models and lots of historical photographs.
Maritime and history enthusiasts would really appreciate this museum as they could learn about topics like the liberation of Greece and the battle of Crete. It also contains exhibits from the Second World War, making this educational visit a memorable and touching experience.
Like every other city in Crete, Chania has its own exceptional beauty that distinguishes it from Heraklion, Rethymno and Agios Nikolas. A place that combines tradition, vibrant nightlife, serenity, a long history, and amazing landscapes would be any traveler’s paradise. All that being said, the location is ideal for day trips around Crete, so you can also plan to go to multiple destinations while visiting. You won’t bear to leave this city!
7. Visit some of Chania’s museums
Archaelogical Museum of Chania - credit: https://creti.co
After your delicious breakfast, it is time for you to explore the cultural side of Chania. You will have the opportunity to engage in some sightseeing, choosing between one of the many fascinating museums the region has to offer. Our top picks would be the Folklore museum of Chania and the Archaeological Museum.
The former, located next to Chania’s Catholic church in Halidon Street, offers a accumulation of folklore and traditional exhibits, giving the visitors an insight into the everyday life of Cretans in the 18th and 19th century. The latter, also located at the same street, is where a medieval Franciscan monastery, one of the most important monuments of the Venetian period in Crete, used to lie.
8. Explore Chania’s Municipal Market & grab lunch in a local tavern
The Municipal Market of Chania, Crete - credits: https://west-crete.com/
A trip to Chania wouldn’t be complete without you getting to familiarize yourselves with traditional Cretan products. The Municipal Market of Chania, also known as ‘Agora’ in Greek, offers just that.
Built at the center of the city between 1909 and 1913, the year Crete was united with the rest of Greece, the market was designed to resemble the covered market of Marseilles, while it also holds a resemblance to an ancient Greek marketplace. Its cruciform shape covers 4000 square meters in a surrounding area of 17.200 square meters, constructed to fit an extensive amount of shops within its premises.
The Municipal Market of Chania remains active, being the place one can find all kinds of local goods, from vegetables, fish, meat, herbs and spices, to Cretan products such as cheeses, olives, raki and more. Specifically, the eastern part of the market holds butcher shops, the western end holds fish shops and on the north and south ends one can find fruit and vegetables.
During the high season months of summer, some shops of the market also sell tourist souvenirs. Additionally, in the market, a few cosy cafés offering local food can be found. Highlighting its financial and cultural importance, the official opening ceremony was performed by the Prime Minister of Greece, the world-famous Eleftherios Venizelos.
During the German occupation, the market was used by German soldiers for the needs of the army. In 1980, the Municipal Market of Chania was declared a protected monument by the Ministry of Culture.
You can try Mon.Es, an amazing restaurant that offers delightful seafood, specializes in local flavors and is the best choice for someone looking to taste the essence of Crete. If seafood is not for you, you can opt for Oinoa, one of the best places to try the Mediterranean diet -the element most often held responsible for Cretans’ long lifespan. Wash your food down with ‘raki’, the traditional Cretan spirit, and we promise you, you’ll fall in love with Crete, just like we have!
9. Cool down with a swim in some of Chania’s best beaches
Elafonisi Beach - credits: Zakhar Ma/Shutterstock.com
If you’d like to explore the many wonderful beaches of Chania and spend your day sunbathing and swimming and not in the city, you’ll be happy to know that the island has been blessed with a long list of incredible beaches of unmatched allure.
Balos beach is arguably one of the best beaches the island -if not the country- has to offer, with a long sandy coastline and marvellous crystal-clear waters. However, our personal favorite is the beach of Falasarna, which has made it into the list of the most beautiful beaches in Europe.
The 3km long beach has a very distinctive quality of sand that makes you want to roll in it -no, we are not kidding; we’ve done it before and have zero regrets- and an inviting azure-coloured sea that makes swimming in it irresistible. You can combine your visit to Falasarna beach with an additional visit to the famous Elafonissi beach. From Falassarna to Elafonissi, approximately 1.5-hour drive, the road will take you through the picturesque landscape of Crete, passing by the monastery of Chrysoskalitissa, to eventually reach one of the most popular beaches of the island.
Its shallow waters, pink sand that changes colour due to the reflection of the hundreds of shells found on the beach, and tiny island in the middle of the sea, make for an experience you wouldn’t want to miss!
Chania is arguably one of the better-looking regions of Crete. The city attracts an abundance of visitors every year, who admire its 14th-century Venetian aesthetic, the Egyptian and Ottoman influences of the town, the old harbor, the narrow streets and the delicious restaurants right by the sea.
10. Visit the Firkas Fortress
Firkas Fortress, Chania, Crete - credits: https://chaniatourism.com/
Built in 1629 as a shield for the harbour by the Venetians, the 'Firkas' fortress now hosts the Maritime Museum of Crete. There, you can find a wide variety of nautical objects and findings, including models of ships, nautical tools, paintings and authentic photographs, among others, dating from the Bronze Age up to today.
The fortress of ‘Firka’, which in Turkish translates to ‘a military division’, was used as the headquarters of the Turkish army in the region of Chania.The cultural significance of the fortress is highlighted by the fact that the Union of Crete with Greece in 1913 was celebrated within its walls.
That’s when the Turkish flag was proudly replaced by the Greek flag, where it stands ever since. Apart from its historic and cultural value, Firkas Fortress offers the perfect spot for people to enjoy the magnificent, complete view of the Venetian harbour of Chania, delivering to the Instagram-ready visitors photos bloggers would lust after.
11. Appreciate Muslim architecture at Giali Tzamisi
Giali Tzamisi, Chania, Crete - credits: www.chaniatourism.com
The Giali Tzamisi which can be translated from Turkish to ‘The Seaside Mosque’, is the oldest Muslim building in Crete and the very first mosque built by the Ottomans in Crete. It was built in 1645 in honor of Kioutsouk Hassan Pasha, the first Turkish military commander of Chania.
The mosque has a cubic structure covered by a large hemispherical dome that supports four ornate stone arches. On its west and north sides it is surrounded by a vaulted roof of six small domes. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the evacuation of the Turkish from the island in 1923, Giali Tzamisi was used off and on as a warehouse, archaeological museum, folk art museum, as well as the headquarters of the Greek Tourism Organization.
Today it plays host to various cultural events and exhibitions. This brilliant example of Islamic art of the Renaissance was bombarded by the Nazis during World War II, when a large section of its southern side was ruined. According to findings of Chania’s archaeological service during maintenance, Giali Tzamisi was founded on the ruins of a small Venetian temple that was destroyed during the Turkish invasion in Chania.
The historical building reflects the region’s rich heritage, while giving the opportunity for visitors to appreciate Muslim architecture from up close.
12. Discover the history of Chania’s Grand Arsenal
The Grand Arsenal, Chania, Crete - credits: https://chaniatourism.com//
During a walk along the Old Port of Chania, at the very end of the dockyards on the western side, lies the Grand Arsenal, standing out against the backdrop because of its beauty and dynamic energy. Built in the 1600’s but becoming functional in 1872, following the addition of a second floor, the Grand Arsenal has had many uses throughout the years, being home to the Christian School, theatrical performances, municipal hospital, and the City Hall of Chania, up until 1928.
Similarly to many Greek and Cretan monuments, such as the aforementioned Giali Tzamissi, the Grand Arsenal was bombed by the Germans during the second World War, enduring severe destruction that deemed it useless. Thankfully, by the end of the 20th century, the Center of Architecture of the Mediterranean in Chania decided to restore and reconstruct the Grand Arsenal, an initiative that was eventually completed in 2002.
Today the, once rugged, ruin has become an impressive venue for events and exhibitions. It functions as the Center for Architecture in the Mediterranean, hosting important Greek and international events in its premises, with a special emphasis on architecture.